It’s one of the most memorable close-ups in film: Madeleine LeBeau, as Yvonne, tears streaming down her face, shouts ‘Vive La France!’ after joining the patrons of Rick’s Café Americain in the ‘Marseillaise’ to drown out the Nazis’ singing of ‘Die Wacht am Rhein’. LeBeau died on 1 May, at the age of 92; she was the last surviving cast member of Casablanca.

LeBeau and her husband, Marcel Dalio, had fled Paris ahead of the Nazi invasion. Like Victor and Ilsa, they obtained letters of transit from Spain to Lisbon, where they boarded a Portugese ship. Their Chilean visas turned out to be forgeries and they were stopped in Vera Cruz, Mexico. But they managed to get temporary visas for Canada, and on their way north stopped in Los Angeles.

Dalio was a major actor in France; a comic star who played serious roles in La Règle du jeu and La Grande Illusion. LeBeau met him when she was a teenage stage actress. They married in 1939, the year she landed her first small file role, in Pabst’s Young Girls in Trouble. Dalio was more than twenty years older (a prefiguring of Humphrey Bogart’s romance with Lauren Bacall, which began on the set of To Have and Have Not, in which Dalio had one of his best Hollywood roles). Dalio was born Israel Moshe Blauschild to Romanian Jewish parents; the Nazis used his face on anti-Semitic posters. Though he escaped, Dalio’s parents died in concentration camps.

Both Dalio and Lebeau landed work in Hollywood: he got character roles and she worked her way up with smaller parts in better films at Warner Bros: Hold Back the Dawn with Charles Boyer, and in Raoul Walsh’s boxing drama Gentleman Jim. By the time they made Casablanca, the marriage had already failed to survive Hollywood; Dalio sued for divorce on grounds of desertion.

In Casablanca Dalio plays Emil the croupier, who hands Captain Renault his winnings an instant after Renault has closed Rick’s under Major Strasser’s orders; Renault says he is ‘shocked, shocked, to find gambling is going on in here’. Renault’s initial response to Strasser’s order, ‘but everyone’s having such a good time,’ is another of Claude Rains’s many marvellous moments.

Yvonne disappears from the movie at that point; LeBeau played in two more films, with one good role alongside Dalio, George Sanders and Brenda Marshall in Paris After Dark (1943), but disappeared from Hollywood after the war. Her postwar career in France was patchy, with few starring parts or memorable roles. The most notable is probably her title role in The Sins of Madeleine (1951), playing a prostitute who scams her clients by pretending to be pregnant. She got some bad reviews playing a singer in a British film, Cage Of Gold (1950), alongside Jean Simmons.

Dalio, however, worked consistently on both sides of the Atlantic; he even took the part of Captain Renault in a short-lived American TV series of Casablanca in 1955. He was in Samuel Fuller’s China Gate, John Ford’s Donovan’s Reef and Mike Nichols’s Catch-22, but his biggest role was one of his last, as an American rabbi returning to France, where he was born, in Gérard Oury’s Mad Adventures of Rabbi Jacob.

LeBeau made little impact again until she played a temperamental French actress, called Madeleine, in Fellini’s (1963). She stayed in Italy with one of the film’s writers, Tullio Pinelli; they married in 1988. Valentina Cortese’s character, Severine, in Truffaut’s Day For Nightseems partly based on her. She retired from the movies in 1965. Pinelli died in 2009 at the age of 100. LeBeau died in Barcelona, after breaking a hip in a fall.

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