‘Briggflatts’ at Fifty

August Kleinzahler

Basil Bunting wrote his long poem Briggflatts over the course of 1965, much of it while on the train commuting from Wylam to Newcastle, where he worked as a subeditor on the financial pages of the Journal, then part of the Thompson newspaper empire. Bunting had published nothing in the previous 13 years, nor had he written any poems, as such. Aged 65, he was struggling to support two children and his second wife, Simia, whom he had brought back with him from Persia to Northumberland in 1952 after being expelled by Mossadeq.

In spring 1964, Bunting had written to Dorothy Pound: ‘Nothing about myself. I feel I have been dead for 10 years now and my ghost does not walk.’ A few weeks later, he received a phone call from a young man, out of the blue: ‘I’ve got a magazine. Can you send me a few poems?’ Tom Pickard had heard of Bunting and his work from the American poet, publisher and gadfly Jonathan Williams. Bunting had no poems to offer but invited Pickard over to join his family for lunch. Pickard turned up with a fistful of his own poems and, when Bunting opened the door, said: ‘I heard you were the greatest living poet.’ Bunting’s mother-in-law was visiting from Iran and had brought with her a ‘load’ of caviar. ‘As Basil was the only one who liked caviar he shared it with me,’ Pickard remembers. ‘The poet’s life for me, I thought!’ They drank whisky while Bunting read aloud to Pickard an earlier long poem, “The Spoils.”

Pickard’s poetry was rough stuff, the grammar and spelling appalling. (‘He’s working-class,’ Bunting told Hugh MacDiarmid at a gathering of mostly young people in 1965, nodding towards Pickard, who had left school at 14. ‘He spells cunt with a “k”.’) But amid the mess, Bunting found the kernel of a remarkable lyric gift that excited him, so much so that he presently began work on his long masterpiece. ‘I wrote Briggflatts to show the boy how it was done,’ he later remarked. ‘Well, I thought, if poetry really has the power to renew itself, I better write something for these younger chaps to read,’ he wrote to Dorothy Pound.

Bunting ‘would often come to our flat in Newcastle after work for a meal and a drink and would read the latest version or lines to Connie and me’, Pickard says. ‘Also, he and I would more frequently meet on his lunch break and go for a pint upstairs at the Rose and Crown which was next to the Empire Musical Hall theatre and a short walk from his work. We’d usually drink a couple of pints of Bass ale and he’d read me the latest revisions or additions.’

Bunting finished Briggflatts – named after a Quaker meeting house in Cumbria – at midnight on 15 May, almost exactly a year after Pickard knocked on his door. He first read the poem in public on 22 December 1965 in a small, crowded chamber of the Morden Tower on Newcastle’s City Wall, which had recently been converted into a poetry venue by Pickard and his wife Connie. It was about to become one of the most storied poetry venues of its era.

Briggflatts appeared in Poetry magazine in January 1966 and was published as a pamphlet by Fulcrum Press later that year. I first picked up a copy at the Wilentzes’ Eighth Street Bookstore in Greenwich Village in the late spring of 1971. As I began reading the poem in the shop the hair on the back of my neck bristled. It must have been adrenaline. I hadn't known exactly what I was looking for at age 21 but this was definitely it: the mix of rhythms, expertly controlled, the dense sound patterning, the textures of vowel and consonant music, all in the service of an elaborate, ever unfolding weave of motifs, both exotic and local, alternating the mythic and autobiographical. Briggflatts struck me immediately as the spiky British – a very particular Northumbrian British – flowering of all that Pound and Eliot had earlier achieved in their modernist project, while at the same time more emotionally freighted, more 'human' than The Cantos or The Waste Land. I read it over and over again for weeks. It changed everything for me.

A 50th anniversary celebration of the publication of Briggflatts will take place on 24 and 25 June at assorted venues in Newcastle, including the Morden Tower, and will conclude with a tribute concert at the Mining Institute.

Read more in the London Review of Books

August Kleinzahler: Basil Bunting · 21 January 1999

Michael Hofmann: Basil Bunting · 9 January 2014


  • 22 June 2016 at 8:28pm
    mordent says:
    The piece ought to have mentioned the new annotated edition of Bunting's complete poems just out from Faber & Faber.

  • 23 June 2016 at 8:13pm
    streetsj says:
    Never heard of Bunting; not a keen poetry reader, but a huge fan of August K ever since Cutty,Two Rocks. So I listened to the video - it is wonderful.
    The beauty of ignorance is that there are still so many great surprises.

  • 24 June 2016 at 4:17pm says:
    The Bloodaxe Books edition includes a CD and DVD with the full recording of Briggflats --

    • 25 June 2016 at 2:05am
      mordent says: @
      And here's the expanded and corrected new edition:

  • 25 June 2016 at 7:26am
    Neil Astley says:
    Bloodaxe has also just released separate enhanced e-books with audio of Basil Bunting's Complete Poems AND Briggflatts (which has video as well as audio), marking the 50th anniversary of the first publication of Briggflatts in June 1966. See for more details.

    The e-book of Briggflatts includes the video of Peter Bell's film portrait of Bunting previously available only on the DVD accompanying the print edition along with two audio recordings of Bunting reading Briggflatts, the 1967 London recording from the CD accompanying the print edition, and the 1977 Carlisle recording previously released by Bloodaxe Books on an LP record in 1980, the latter featuring Domenico Scarlatti's sonata in B minor, L.33, one of the poem's main structural models. Readers can choose which performance to listen to while reading the poem, or can switch between them. As well as his own notes to the poem (and a posthumously published additional Note), this edition includes his seminal essay on sound and meaning in poetry, ‘The Poet’s Point of View’ (1966), and other background material including many archive photographs.

    The e-book of Complete Poems draws on audio recordings of readings given by Bunting in Britain and the US during the 1960s and 1970s, with 50 audio files embedded with the texts of the poems, including all his major works, Briggflatts, Villon, The Spoils and Chomei at Toyama, along with many shorter poems.

    The enhanced ebooks with audio (and video for Briggflatts) will work on iPad, Kindle Fire and iBooks on laptops. They have just gone live and can be downloaded from Amazon via these links:
    Complete Poems:

    At the same time, as Sean Street notes above, Faber & Faber is publishing The Poems, edited by Don Share (2016) in hardback (624 pages) at £30. This includes three minor poems not in the Bloodaxe edition, together with a number of variants, anomalies, fragments and "false starts": apart from those additions, Bloodaxe's Complete Poems is complete (but has no critical apparatus). The ironic aspects of this will not be lost on Bunting’s many dedicated readers: Bloodaxe has sublicensed the right to publish the new scholarly edition to Faber, but T.S. Eliot rejected Bunting’s own submission of his collected poetry as Faber poetry editor in 1951.

    • 25 July 2016 at 6:18pm
      koefnielsen says: @ Neil Astley
      This is wonderful, just found by chance! What a great job you've done, with this and, of course, with Bloodaxe. You've certainly done justice to the 50th anniversary!

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