Pamela Crossley

Pamela Crossley is Collis Professor of History at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire and the author of, most recently, The Wobbling Pivot: China since 1800.

Empress Dowager Cixi​ of the Qing dynasty is one of those historical figures who are renovated from time to time as the moment demands. In the first decade of the 20th century, she was either the vivacious tea hostess who had protected foreigners from Boxer mobs, or the murderous xenophobe who had set the rioters on them in the first place. In the 1960s and 1970s, she was one of a small...

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