Policing the Police
- BuyBlack against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party by Joshua Bloom and Waldo Martin
California, 539 pp, £24.95, January 2013, ISBN 978 0 520 27185 2
On 1 January 2009, around two in the morning, 19 days before the inauguration of Barack Obama, Oscar Grant, a 22-year-old unarmed black man, was shot in the back by a white transit officer in Oakland, California while lying face down on a train platform with his hands behind his back. He was taken to a nearby hospital, where he died seven hours later. Minutes before, Grant and several other men had been herded from a train by police, who were responding to a complaint about a brawl.