- William Marshal: The Flower of Chivalry by Georges Duby, translated by Richard Howard
Faber, 156 pp, £9.95, August 1986, ISBN 0 571 13745 8
- Thomas Becket by Frank Barlow
Weidenfeld, 334 pp, £14.95, July 1986, ISBN 0 297 78908 2
Most of us are familiar with Jacob Burckhardt’s thesis that the Italian Renaissance witnessed the ‘discovery of the individual’ while Medieval man’s self-consciousness simply took corporate form: ‘Man was conscious of himself only as a member of a race, a people, a party, a corporation, a family.’ This view is no longer held in its crude state, and sophisticated work by Colin Morris and other Medievalists has made a strong case for the 12th century, with its ‘Renaissance’, as the era of the discovery of individual self-consciousness. If a biography of a Medieval figure is to be attempted, the 12th century offers a fruitful terrain: the increase in written sources for this period makes the biographical approach (just) possible, while the birth of individual self-consciousness makes it appropriate.